Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Q: How DKA is categorized as per its level of severity?


The American Diabetes Association categorizes DKA in adults into one of three stages of severity according to blood PH, Bicarbonate level and mental status.

Mild: pH 7.25 and 7.30; serum bicarbonate 15–18 mmol/l; the patient is alert

Moderate: pH 7.00–7.25, bicarbonate 10–15, mild drowsiness

Severe: pH below 7.00, bicarbonate below 10, stupor or coma

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