Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Q: Usually which of the following is the first EKG sign in hyperkalemia?

A) A tall peaked T wave with shortened QT interval 
B) Progressive lengthening of the PR interval 
C) Progressive lengthening of the  QRS duration
C) Sine wave
D) Ventricular standstill

Answer: A

A tall peaked T wave with shortened QT interval is the earliest sign. It is followed by progressive lengthening of the PR interval and QRS duration. As hyperkalemia worsen, P wave progressively disappear, the QRS widens towards a sine wave. Eventually, ventricular standstill with a flat line is the final thing!

MOST IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER - The progression and severity of ECG changes in hyperkalemia do not correlate with the serum potassium concentration, and there is no table to co-relate.

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