An underutilized adjuvent treatment in ICU patients who continue to have frequent bouts of hemoptysis is the use of inhaled Tranexamic Acid (TA), an antifibrinolytic agent. This may works well in non-life-threatening hemoptysis. The dose is 500 mg/5 mL every 8 hours for up to five days. It has shown to reduce the volume of hemoptysis, faster resolution and shorter hospital stay. Unfortunately, this may not work in life-threatening hemoptysis, though giving a trial may not be a bad idea when patient is at verge of death.
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