Q: Transverse myelitis (TM) usually affects? (select one)
A) thoracic cord
B) lumbar cord
Transverse myelitis is a segmental spinal cord acute inflammation. Although described as idiopathic and/or an autoimmune process, it can be associated with preceding infection, multiple sclerosis (MS), or connective tissue diseases like SLE, sjögren's syndrome, scleroderma, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. It usually strikes limited segments in the thoracic cord. Symptoms progressed rapidly with leg weakness. It can also cause autonomic dysfunction with bowel and bladder incontinence.
Treatment includes steroids, immunosuppressives, and immunomodulators.
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