Q: Which of the following retinal features is specific of cerebral malaria and can actually be diagnostic?
A) blurred disc margins
C) retinal hemorrhages
D) retinal whitening
E) retinal edema
Retina provides a unique opportunity to observe clues to the diagnosis of cerebral malaria. In fact, the detection of malarial retinopathy can be diagnostic for cerebral malaria, as set of retinal abnormalities are unique to cerebral malaria. These abnormalities include blurred disc margins, papilloedema, retinal hemorrhages, retinal whitening, retinal edema, vascular changes and soft exudates. Of these retinal whitening and vascular changes are specific to cerebral malaria.
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