Q: 34 years old male with a known history of HIV is admitted with life-threatening pneumonia. Patient is also diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Noncompliance to antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be suspected?
It is surprising that despite adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), the rate of BL doesn't go down in HIV patients. It is most prevalent in young HIV patients. Another paradox is its diagnosis in patients who have their CD4 count above 200 cells/microL.
This is in contrast to primary CNS lymphoma and/or non-CNS diffuse large B cell lymphoma which shows a correlation with lower CD4 counts.
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3. Gabarre J, Raphael M, Lepage E, et al. Human immunodeficiency virus-related lymphoma: relation between clinical features and histologic subtypes. Am J Med 2001; 111:704.